25 Jun 2024
Huanglongbing infected orange trees

Identification of citrus greening based on visual symptoms: A grower’s diagnostic toolkit

Citrus greening is one of the world’s most serious diseases of citrus that affects all cultivars and causes the systematic death of trees worldwide. The disease is caused mostly by the bacteria Candidatus Liberibacter species. The wind, rain, and touch of infected workers cannot transmit this infectious disease. The Asian Citrus Psyllid (ACP), a minuscule insect, is one of the main vectors that transmit the disease by feeding on citrus leaves. Citrus greening management is also quite expensive since no successful treatment for the cure has been found, except to remove all affected vegetables from healthy crops to eliminate the bacterial spread.


26 Oct 2022
Citrus Pests

Sustainability in Brazilian Citriculture: Three Decades of Successful Biological Control of Insect Pests

Citrus insect pests has grown worldwide, concerning entomologists and farmers especially because of the high demand for food that makes it to our tables. The use of pesticides brought several issues, such as the negative impacts on the human health, pollution, and insect resistance. In this context, more environmentally-friendly strategies have been demanded by governments and consumers. In this review, we present three remarkable examples of pest management in Brazil that involved many researchers from different expertise areas to develop more sustainable strategies to reduce the damages to citrus production.


28 Apr 2021
Trapping 2021

Trapping for Asian Citrus Psyllid in Southern Africa: Feb / Mar 2021

The article describes how the presence of the Asian Citrus Psyllid (ACP), Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Liviidae), in parts of Africa, most recently trapped in southwestern Tanzania and Kenya, is increasing the risk to citriculture in Southern Africa. ACP is an effective vector of Huanglongbing (HLB), which is a destructive citrus greening disease and is associated with the gram negative α-Proteobacteria Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Las).