26 Aug 2020
Lemons

2019–2020 Florida Citrus Production Guide: Plant Growth Regulators

Plant growth regulators (PGRs) are a tool used to manipulate vegetative and reproductive growth, flowering, and fruit growth and development. PGRs have been successfully used in agriculture for decades to amend plant growth characteristics and maximize yield and thus grower profit. Foliar-applied PGRs are routinely used in various fruit crops for flower and fruit thinning, improving fruit set, growth and development, controlling vegetative growth, and reducing fruit drop. Citrus is no exception to the use of PGRs, which can provide significant economic advantages to citrus growers when used appropriately.

According to the Florida state legislature, PGRs are defined “as any substance or mixture of substances intended, through physiological action, for accelerating or retarding the rate of growth or maturation or for otherwise altering the behavior of ornamental or crop plants or the produce thereof, but not including substances intended as plant nutrients, trace elements, nutritional chemicals, plant inoculants, or soil amendments.”

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31 Jul 2019
Citrus Improvement

Quality and Quantity Improvement of Citrus: Role of Plant Growth Regulators

Harsimrat K. Bons, H.S. Rattanpal
Department of Fruit Science, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.
Nirmaljit Kaur
Department of Botany, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.

Citrus is one of the most important fruit tree species in the world, as the fruits are a valuable source of nutrients, vitamins and other antioxidant compounds. The citrus productivity depends on various factors, among these the plant growth regulators holds a prime position. The use of plant growth regulators has become an important component in the field of citriculture because of the wide range of potential roles they play in increasing the productivity of crop per unit area. The plant growth regulating compounds actively regulate the growth and development by regulation of the endogenous processes and there exogenous applications have been exploited for modifying the growth response.

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15 Feb 2016

Fruit Splitting in Citrus

Paul J. R. Cronje
Citrus Research International | Department of Horticultural Science, Stellenbosch University

Ockert P. J. Stander and Karen I. Theron
Department of Horticultural Science, Stellenbosch University

Various citrus cultivars of ‘Navel’ and ‘Valencia’ orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck], as well as mandarin and mandarin hybrids (Citrus reticulata Blanco) are prone to a preharvest physiological rind disorder, known as fruit splitting.

Similar disorders occur as fruit cracking and/or splitting in other commercially important horticultural crops, most notably in apple, apricot, cherry, grape, nectarine, prune, and tomato. Fruit splitting in citrus differs from other crops due to the unique morphology of a citrus fruit, consisting of the pulp and rind, which is made up of the spongy white internal layer, the albedo (mesocarp), and the external layer, the flavedo (exocarp).

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