20 Mar 2024
Shade cloth over citrus

The effect of permanent protective netting on insect pest prevalence in citrus orchards in South Africa

The use of protective netting is becoming an increasingly popular practice in the citrus industry in South Africa. However, data on its effects on biotic factors, particularly insect pests, are limited. This study focused on the effect nets have on key citrus pests in the Eastern Cape province. Orchards under nets and open orchards, of similar cultivars, ages and management practices, were monitored at several sites over two seasons for pest infestation and damage. Weekly monitoring was conducted for Thaumatotibia leucotreta infestation. Other pests were monitored either monthly or once a season. During the first season, T. leucotreta infestation was higher in orchards under nets, probably because, unlike the open orchards, the nets provided protection for the existing high levels of T. leucotreta. No T. leucotreta infestation was recorded in both orchard types in 2019. This was due to generally lower than usual pest abundance and dramatically improved area-wide management of T. leucotreta. Pheromone traps were used to monitor T. leucotreta males, including sterile moths used in a sterile insect technique programme.


25 Jan 2024
Mealy Bug

Extension briefs for December and January 2024

Integrated pest management. False codling moth (S.D. Moore). It is utterly imperative that the False Codling Moth Management System (FMS) for citrus, including the False Codling Moth (FCM) Systems Approach, be implemented diligently and thoroughly. Neither growers nor the industry can afford a lapse in the implementation of comprehensive and effective management practices. The details of all of these practices are described in the FMS, with reference to CRI’s IPM Guidelines for FCM Management (available on the CRI website). These Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) must be followed as described.